History of research parks in Europe
In Europe, science parks appeared in the early 70's. The first were the Research Park Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, Scientific Park of Trinity College, Cambridge, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium; Sophia-Antipolis in Nice, and ZIRST in Grenoble, France. These parks repeated earlier model Science Park in the U.S., which feature is the presence of one of the founder, and the main form of business is renting land to owners of high-tech firms.
In the U.S., the rapid development of science parks in Europe only started in the 1980's. One of the features - Science Park has a building designed to accommodate a small firm. The presence of such a building contributes to the formation of small and medium-sized companies that use collective services.
In the 1980's idea of research park quickly moved beyond the country, representing the West, as well as countries such as Canada, Singapore, or Australia. Science Research parks were established in Brazil, India, Malaysia, and today and in the countries of the former Eastern block - in Eastern Europe and China. In the world today there are about 400 research parks. Each research park can serve several purposes, but the importance of a goal is determined by local conditions and the dominant position of a founder.